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Kim Whitt
Exceptional Children Director

Response to Intervention

A Multi-tiered System of Supports


In an effort to help all struggling students, Congress has added requirements to require schools to provide a research-based process called Response to Intervention (RtI). According to the National Center on Response to Intervention, the goals of RtI are to:

  • Identify students at risk of failure
  • Monitor student progress
  • Provide research-based interventions
  • Make changes to interventions based on student progress
  • Identify students with Learning Disabilities



The use of RtI with all struggling students has the potential of limiting academic failure and increasing the accuracy of special education evaluations. The use of RtI information may also lead to earlier identification of students who have disabilities and need special education services.

Response to Intervention (RtI) involves multiple steps including screening and using the results from the screening to determine specific interventions to meet the needs of entire classrooms or individual students. The focus is on improving instruction based on student needs. Nothing in the RtI process prevents teachers or parents from referring a student they suspect may have a disability. RtI must not delay or deny an evaluation for children with a suspected disability. In Kentucky, RtI is part of the referral process for all disabilities. In most cases, RtI is completed prior to a referral to ensure the student has been provided with appropriate learning experiences to meet their unique needs, but in some cases, it is appropriate and possibly preferable to complete RtI during the evaluation process. Parent permission is not required during the RtI process since it is available to all students, but school staff is required to inform parents regarding their child’s progress on interventions provided by the school.

 If you have any questions or would like more information about KSI, please contact Kim Whitt (, Bath County Schools RTI Coordinator.